Posted on 31 December 2007 by chan
CAPOEIRA REGIONAL TRADICIONAL:TOQUES (BERIMBAU RHYTHMS): SÃO BENTO GRANDE (DE BIMBA/DO REGIONAL), IUNA, BANGUELA, CAVALARIA, SANTA MARIA, IDALINHA, AMAZONASTHE ORQUESTRA:1x BERIMBAU, 2x PANDEIROS, THE BERIMBAU IS USUALLY A MEDIO, AND IS EITHER WITHOUT PAINT OR WITH STAINER AND LACQUER.THEY ARE USUALLY SHORTER BERIMBAUS MEASURING AROUND 1.2 M TALL. THEY SET UP THE ORQUESTRA ALWAYS SITTING ON A BENCH, WITH THE BERIMBAU IN THE MIDDLE AND THE TWO PANDEIROS AT EITHER SIDE.Capoeira Regional traditionally began with 52 movements and 8 sequences. With these tools, it is within the timing and placement of each movement in the correct context which made the game of Capoeira, traditionally, Capoeira Regional. The São Bento Grande rhythm played on the berimbau with the orquestra set up with one berimbau and two pandeiros only, is a good indication of where a Capoeira game should be played within a Capoeira Regional context. The game will start with a quadra, which traditionally consists of four verses, with the first and third verse sung high in pitch, and the second and fourth in a lower pitch. The improviso is then sung which is usually a set string of call and response. The clapping also begins when the improviso begins. From there, the corridos/chulas will start and the players will receive the signal from the dono da roda to when they can start playing. The corridos traditionally consist of short call and response verses which are sensitive to the energy of the roda. Capoeira Regional’s main focus is in the timing and context of the movements. Where every single movement has purpose and intention.SOME OF THE FUNDAMENTALS CAPOEIRA REGIONAL:•NO ACROBATICS, NO KICKS THAT TAKE THE FEET OFF THE FLOOR.•MUST USE ONLY THE ORIGINAL 52 MOVEMENTS THAT MESTRE BIMBA PROMOTED AS CAPOEIRA REGIONAL.•USUALLY PLAYED CLOSE, NEVER REALLY PLAYING OUTSIDE OF STRIKING DISTANCE.•ALWAYS FOLLOWING THE RHYTHM OF THE BERIMBAU, WHICH WILL TRADITIONALLY BE PLAYING SÃO BENTO GRANDE DE BIMBA.•MUST SEEK A BALANCE IN YOUR GAME BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT HEIGHTS OF MOVEMENT AND ALSO THE TYPES OF MOVEMENTS.•MUST REGULARLY PRACTICE THE 8 SEQUENCES OF CAPOEIRA REGIONAL AS THEY ENCOMPASS CAPOEIRA REGIONAL’S NATURE.MUSIC:A QUADRA MUST BE SUNG FIRST, FOLLOWED BY A CHULA/IMPROVISO AND THEN CORRIDOS. THE QUADRA TRADITIONALLY IS SUNG WITH ONLY FOUR LINES, AND THE CHULA/IMPROVISO IS OFTEN A SET STRUCTURE OF CALL AND RESPONSE. THE CORRIDOS ARE SHORT CALL AND RESPONSE SONGS. USUALLY FEEDING OFF THE CONTEXT OF THE CAPOEIRA BEING PLAYED.